Recently, the Ministry of industry and information technology issued the report on the comprehensive development index of China's electronic information manufacturing industry in 2019 (hereinafter referred to as the report). The report points out that in the key stage of complex and changeable international environment and the transformation of new and old kinetic energy of the industry, China's electronic information manufacturing industry has maintained an overall stable and accelerated transformation, and the comprehensive development index of China's electronic information manufacturing industry in 2019 [makes Using the data of 2018. ]The total score of the comprehensive development index (hereinafter referred to as the comprehensive development index) was 119.12, up 4.06 points over the previous year, and continued to show a steady upward trend. Among them, the index that contributed the most to the growth of the index changed from the industrial development scale to the industrial innovation index for the first time, showing that the electronic information manufacturing industry is changing towards the high-quality development direction of strong innovation, high efficiency and promoting transformation.
According to the national comprehensive development index, the development of China's electronic information manufacturing industry presents four major characteristics
1、 The scale grew rapidly and the economic contribution continued to increase.
The first level index value of industrial development scale was 125.76, which kept the highest score among the four first level indicators, and increased by 7.23 points over the previous year. In addition, the scale of income maintained a rapid growth, the proportion of industry in the industry was further increased, the export amount increased rapidly, and the effect of "competing for exports" of enterprises should be obvious. The fixed assets investment of the industry maintained a rapid growth, and the investment focused on the field of technology upgrading.
2、 The pace of transformation has been accelerated and the position of the industrial chain has been upgraded.
The first level index value of industrial transformation and upgrading was 123.07, 7.05 points higher than that of the previous year, ranking the second among the four first level indicators. In the past four years, the proportion of income in the electronic device industry continued to rise, the industrial chain rapidly upgraded to high value-added links, and the proportion of investment in technological transformation increased rapidly. Intelligent transformation and process innovation have become important concerns of enterprises and new products Revenue [revenue of new products: new products refer to new products developed and produced by adopting new technical principles and new design ideas, or products with obvious improvement in structure, material, process and other aspects than the original products, so as to significantly improve the product performance or expand the use function.
3、 Innovation results are in the lead, and the industry's resilience continues to improve.
The first level index value of industrial innovation was 119.13, 12.15 points higher than that of the previous year. Among the four first level indicators, the growth rate was the most prominent, which played an important role in promoting the rise of the index. The investment in industrial R & D personnel and funds continued to increase. The future development was driven by technological innovation, with rich innovation achievements and leading industrial vitality and competitiveness.
4、 However, the efficiency of the enterprise continues to improve.
The first level index value of industrial efficiency and benefit was 109.83, 11.2 points lower than that of the previous year. Among them, the main business profit margin and loss area indicators have declined. The industrial switching period, raw material price rise and global economic uncertainty have become important factors for the decline of enterprise efficiency. The optimization of industrial layout, the enhancement of integration ability and the improvement of intelligent level effectively promote the industrial efficiency.
The report pointed out that 5g, industrial Internet, intelligent upgrading and rapid development of new digital infrastructure bring important development opportunities to the electronic information manufacturing industry. From the perspective of 5g industry, 5g brings the upgrading demand of communication network, system and terminal equipment. At the same time, the integration of 5g with medical, automobile, electric power and other industries promotes the networking and intelligent upgrading of traditional equipment and equipment, forming a new development space. From the perspective of industrial Internet, PLC (programmable logic controller), industrial computer, industrial intelligent module and other industrial electronic and equipment will appear new fission and iterative upgrading, and obtain further development opportunities. From the perspective of intelligent upgrading, as the carrier of new computing such as artificial intelligence, mobile Internet of things and virtual reality, intelligent terminals constantly improve the demand for electronic components such as high-resolution and fast response display panel, ultra-high-definition camera module, flexible display, high refresh rate sensor and other electronic components, creating new market space and development opportunities. From the perspective of new digital infrastructure, new infrastructure such as Artificial Intelligence Computing Center, Internet of vehicles infrastructure and edge computing nodes will further promote the market growth of related components and complete equipment.
At the same time, the uncertainty of external environment, intensified international competition and insufficient market power will also bring new challenges to the development of electronic information manufacturing industry. From the perspective of global development environment, Global trade protectionism has risen, which has increased the uncertainty of global economic development, affected the vitality of investment and consumption, and brought challenges to the steady growth of electronic information manufacturing industry. At the same time, developed countries have implemented the strategy of "Reindustrialization" and continued to increase investment in 5g, artificial intelligence, quantum science and other aspects, so as to increase China's industrial competition Under pressure, developing countries are also making efforts to attract middle and low-end manufacturing industries, forcing China's electronic information enterprises to move outward, forming a "two-way squeeze" on China's electronic information manufacturing industry. From the perspective of demand, the global economic recovery is weak, the market growth rate of developed countries continues to slow down, the market of mobile phones, computers and color TV sets of major consumer electronic products continues to be sluggish, the communication industry is in the transition period from 4G to 5g, 5g application has not yet been developed in a large scale, and the consumer terminal replacement observation period is prolonged, which brings about the lack of market power for the whole machine and electronic components industry. From the perspective of the industry itself, there is still a big gap between China and the international advanced level in such basic fields as key materials and high-end equipment, and the supply side quality and industrial structure balance and optimization need to be further promoted.
According to the report, China's electronic information manufacturing industry